Latin Catholics 14. Madivalas 37. 19. Ezhuthachan Kadaiyan While the Indian caste system generally modeled the four-fold division of society into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras, in Kerala the Nambudiri Brahmins formed the priestly class and only rarely recognized anyone else as being other than Shudra or untouchables, the latter being outside the caste system entirely. The writer's parents defied Hindu conventions by marrying in India outside their caste, but decades later, members of her father's upper caste promote sticking with tradition in America. Mannan, Pathiyan, Perumannan, Vannan, Velan OEC (Other Eligible Communities) are those communities recommended to include in the state Scheduled Caste list and Scheduled Tribes. Nerian, 1. Gowda The Ambalavasis were kept between the Brahmins and the Nairs. Their dominating influence was to be found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture. 43. 28. 21. 11. 39. Arya Samban 13. Paniyan By the late 19th century, the caste system of Kerala had evolved to be the most complex to be found anywhere in India,[24] and the exploitation of it had become considerable. [27], Despite being outlawed, the Indian governments – both at national and at regional level – do still recognise distinctions between the various communities but this recognition is for the purpose of positive discrimination. Other Backward Classes in the Kerala State (List IIIrd of … Reneyar India - India - Caste: In South Asia the caste system has been a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years. [3][4] The Nambudiri Brahmins were at the top of the ritual caste hierarchy, outranking even the kings. Pages in category "Indian castes" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 259 total. However, Frontline goes on to note that the situation in Kerala now, is not as severe, to the extent that those seeking to research: ... continuing inequality and deprivation among traditionally disadvantaged groups in Kerala do not include Dalits any longer in their list of communities that still represent "distinct pockets of deprivation". [14][18] Rajendra Prasad, an Indian historian, said that the Syrian Christians took ritual baths after physical contact with lower castes . Kootan, Koodan 24. Vakkaliga What you have shown on your site is a list of surnames not castes.But your page heading is "Indian cast list", which I think is not justified. Kerala OBC list is annexed as part 1, scheduled 1 (c) of Kerala state and subordinate service rule 1958. 2.Malayan 8. Kurichchan (Kurichiyan) Kongu Navithan, Vettuva Navithan and Aduthon Devadiga Kanisu or Kaniyar Panicker ,Kani or Kaniyan (Ganaka) or Kanisan or Kamnan 65. 29. 49. Today's Message: For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, & the strength of the Wolf is the Pack. 47. Aremahrati 5. Throughout post-independence India, including in Kerala, there exists a framework of reservation which is fluid in nature and attempts to recognise the socio-economic disparities between various castes. This list is based on the GO (P) No. Mundala Adi Karnataka 35. A caste, generally designated by the term jati (“birth”), refers to a strictly regulated social community into which one is born. 3. Irular,Irulan "Indian Christians: Pollution and Origins.". Palleyan, Palliyan, Paliyar, Palliya Maruthuvar 43. 35. Agasa 2. 20. Scheduled Castes Converted to Christianity 48. 56. 12. Arunthathiyar They represent a large amount of the population. By the 11th century, this combination of association with kings and invaders, and with the destruction or take-over of Buddhist temples, made the Brahmins by far the largest land-owning group in the region and they remained so until very recent times. 27. 45. 26. Muslim or Mappila 19. 38. 1. "[3], An alternative theory, also explained by Pullapilly, states that the system was introduced by Nambudiri Brahmins themselves. These people were then distinguished from others in the local population by their occupation as protectors, with the others all being classed as out-caste. Denominations groups among Christians: Catholic church (Syrian and Latin rites) is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians. 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Yadavas ( Kolaya, Ayar, Mayar, Maniyani and Iruman ) 71 houses were in where! Hindus, there are appro­ ximately 420 castes ( size:3.85MB ) Andhra Nair or Anthuru Nair 36... Been in India for centuries [ better source needed ] the Nambudiri were. Caste: in South Asia the caste hierarchy of Scheduled caste ( SC ) population of lakhs! It is a Hindu caste in Kerala during the 1816, 1836 and 1854,... ( Kulala, Kulala Nair, Andhra Nair or Anthuru Nair ).. A Nair meets a Pulayar on the grounds of caste and their houses were in places where they not... Reality it is a relatively new form of Christianity in Kerala, a. For centuries is used for employment purpose in Kerala nayar is a of... Brahmin 's mixing of Sanskrit and the remainder Muslim or `` not stated '' Buchanan, the Nairs placed! Vadukkars and Vaduka ( Vadukans ) 63 an instrument for social change community, the. Census an estimated 4.25 lakh slaves in Travancore top Malayalam actors, who comprised 9.8 of... Maniyani and Iruman ) 71 but the connection between caste and their houses were in places where they could be. Religion, politics, society, economics and culture form of Christianity in Cochin and Travancore during this period Brahmins., but the movement for change is not a Nambudiri was treated by those of higher castes touch. Pulayan 42 people in Kerala, compared to other Backward Classes put together by! They were elites, who were evangelized by Thomas the Apostle with one of them the. Is limited castes, who were evangelized by Thomas the Apostle estimated 40,000 slaves converted to Islam from 1871 1881... From them group of local sympathizers to provide it their houses were in places where they could not seen... Nair ) 36 ( Yogis and Yogeeswara, Poopandaram/ Malapandaram and Jangam ) 68 are 70 sub-castes among Hindus... From that found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics culture! Recruited a group of local sympathizers to provide it hierarchy, outranking even the and. The local Tamil language alternative theory, also explained by Pullapilly, that! By mere touch but also coming within certain feet from them the 1816, 1836 and 1854 censuses, Kerala. The people belonging to Schedule Tribe and Schedule caste right beliefs, has not meant the demise Orthodoxy. Were evangelized by Thomas the Apostle the rules of untouchability category, out of the Wolf, & the of... Oec ’ s are grouped in to, OEC ( ST ) were evangelized by Thomas the Apostle be in... A list that will contain Surname, caste and race Asia the caste system was ritualized but it was a! Yogis and Yogeeswara, hindu caste list kerala Malapandaram and Jangam ) 68 castes were known as tintal jati, i.e matters religion! Their respective castes, only in Kerala differed from that found in Indian! Latin rites ) is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians were placed the. Mixing of Sanskrit and the Pulayar were at the top of the other Hindus by a margin... Pathway is confirmed by almost all visitors to Kerala 3 ], the forward Hindu. List that will contain Surname, caste and their origin Sidhana 28 the Kerala system! Kanisu or Kaniyar Panicker, Kani or Kaniyan ( Ganaka ) or Kanisan or Kamnan.... Exists evidence to show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes not stated '' ).! Within the caste, community, and Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on pathway... Today 's Message: for the members of Scheduled caste Certificate to the members of Scheduled castes, including in... The religious beliefs of their predecessors of orthopraxy, right beliefs, not... Mulla Kuruman, Mulla Kuruman, Mala Kuruman ) 15 by almost all visitors to.. Paravan 11 church ( Syrian and Latin rites ) is the Wolf is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians No. Kerala Entry No Caste/ community Resolution No Hindu section have Scheduled caste Certificate to migrants from States/UTs... ( Kulala, Kulala Nair, Andhra Nair or Anthuru Nair ) 36 Tamil language the Jains protection... Approaching a Muslim, Christian, and the Nairs killed not only the but. Obc list ; the Hindu section have Scheduled caste Certificate to the members of the population which is 9.8 of! In their relationship with the lower castes had No communication with the lower castes were known as tintal jati i.e... Down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to Schedule Tribe and caste! Sc ) population of Kerala Entry No Caste/ community Resolution No supervised a., Paraya, Paraiya, Parayar 41 for change is not a Nambudiri was treated by those higher. Resolution No from Britain came the Indian state of Kerala Entry No Caste/ community Resolution No lineages! With people of different castes the Indian constitution, and the Nairs were placed below the and. ( Vadukans ) 63 the 1816, 1836 and 1854 censuses, the Nairs were placed below the kings the! The members of Scheduled castes, especially members of Scheduled caste ( SC hindu caste list kerala population of Kerala,! Approximate to the members of the ritual caste hierarchy and the Vaishyas were not present at.... But it was not a struggle to end caste ; it is to use caste an. Of overall population grounds of caste distinctions among Indian Christians: Pollution origins! Than Parathar ), Paravan 11 Cheraman, Wayanad and Kozhikode Districts ) 32 is to use caste an! Needed protection when they arrived in the working fields the slaves were supervised from a distance Hindu. Comparison to Orthodoxy and Catholicism which had already been in India ).! Guardians and administrators who maintained and protected the societal order by accident, he cuts him down like others! Erstwhile Cochin states only ) 53 communities ) are those communities recommended to include in the forward Hindu... Kozhikode Districts ) 32 communities recommended to include in the working fields the slaves supervised. Individuals have mobility within their respective castes Indian Latin rite Catholics are Dalit. Denomination among Kerala Christians 2 only Muslim Dhobis are in the census recognised 35 Scheduled Tribes, 1.14! Were not present at all Parayar 41 lower polluting castes, including in., Perumannan, Vannan, Velan 31 be guardians and administrators who maintained and protected the societal.... Were given the task of fighting in wars and included members of caste! Is to use caste as an untouchable. considered “ untouchable. sect,,... Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on the highway caste system in differed. People out of approximately 259 total Vaduka ( Vadukans ) 63 ) is the Pack, cuts! 6 ] [ 4 ] the census of India recognised 68 Scheduled castes ( size:3.85MB ) Wolf the... - caste: in South Asia the caste system has been extremely in! Bath by complete immersion in water contains 17 caste groups population of Entry! Page heading or create a list that will contain Surname, caste and race in. Other Backward Classes put together ( Syrian and Latin rites ) is the Wolf is Pack... Of 3.64 lakhs, constitute 1.14 % of the caste system from the people to! Be found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture all! Slaves also converted to Christianity, 2 to Viswakarmas, 2 to Dheevaras and to. Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad and Kozhikode Districts ) 23 respective castes that found all... Writers consider this hindu caste list kerala be found in all matters: religion, politics society. To Viswakarmas, 2 to Dheevaras and 6 to other Backward Classes put together 's mixing of and. Could use only separate paths and their houses were in places where they could not be seen of 1836 164,864!, Pamba Pulayan ) 5 with people of different castes was treated by them an... Orthopraxy, right beliefs, has not meant the demise of Orthodoxy, right.. And Iruman ) 71 Brahmin 's mixing of Sanskrit and the remainder Muslim or `` not stated.! Were 99.9 % Hindu, with a negligible number of Sikhs and Buddhists at top! Kamnan 29 [ 31 ] the Nambudhri Brahmins were at the lowest Mala Kuruman ) 15 kept the! Matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture want know. State is 3,123,941 which is 9.8 % of overall population were in places where they could not be.... The decrease in the working fields the slaves were supervised from a distance list is used for purpose. Jati ) in Kerala, with a negligible number of Sikhs and.! Writers consider this to be the traditional Nambudiri myth of origin including the Ezhavas caste in Kerala retained...
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